When it comes to the delicate health of premature infants, one concerning condition that requires attention is retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This eye disorder affects the blood vessels in the retina, potentially leading to vision loss or blindness if left untreated. Finding the best eye clinic becomes crucial in Delhi, where quality eye care is paramount. 

How about looking at the essentials of ROP that guide you towards choosing the best eye hospital in Delhi for ROP?

Let’s begin!

Understanding Retinopathy of Prematurity 

Retinopathy of prematurity primarily affects premature infants born before 34 weeks of gestation or weighing less than 2 kgs. The development of the retina, the tissue responsible for vision, is incomplete in premature babies, making them susceptible to abnormal blood vessel growth. The retina, located at the back of the eye, receives and transmits visual signals to the brain.

In premature babies, whose retinal blood vessels are not fully developed, ROP can occur when these vessels grow irregularly. Fortunately, in many cases, ROP resolves without causing permanent damage. However, in some instances, it can result in retina detachment from the eye's wall, potentially leading to blindness. 

How Does ROP Affect Babies? 

Consulting the best eye doctor in Delhi can help you understand the issues of ROP. Here are some ways ROP can impact infants:

Vision Impairment: ROP can lead to various degrees of vision impairment, ranging from mild to severe. The condition may resolve independently in mild cases without causing long-term visual problems. However, in extreme cases, ROP can result in permanent vision loss or blindness.

Retinal Detachment: In more advanced stages of ROP, abnormal blood vessels can cause the retina to detach from the back of the eye. Retinal detachment is a serious complication that can lead to severe vision loss if not promptly treated.

Refractive Errors: Babies with ROP may develop refractive errors such as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), or astigmatism. These conditions affect the eyes' focusing ability, leading to blurry vision and the need for corrective lenses.

Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity

Some babies with ROP improve without treatment, but others may require early treatment from the best eye care hospital in Delhi to prevent the worsening of the condition and protect their vision. Treatment options include various interventions, and here are some common treatment options:

Laser Treatment: Laser treatment, also known as laser photocoagulation, is commonly used for more advanced stages of ROP. During this procedure, a laser is used to destroy abnormal blood vessels in the retina selectively. The goal is to reduce their activity and prevent further disease progression. Laser therapy is often effective in preventing severe complications and preserving vision.

Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy involves the use of freezing temperatures to treat ROP. Cryotherapy is now less used and is typically used in cases where laser treatment is unavailableor not possible.

Anti-VEGF Injections:  In some cases of severe ROP, where there is extensive abnormal blood vessel growth, the best eye clinic in Delhi may recommend anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections. They are also advised if baby is not systemically fit for laser or laser is not possible or recommended. These injections help inhibit the growth of new blood vessels and can be administered directly into the eye. However, there are chances of recurrence of disease later in life and many cases need to be combined with laser photcoagulation.

Surgical Interventions: In certain situations where there is retinal detachment or severe complications from ROP, the best eye doctor in Delhi considers surgical interventions to treat the condition. These procedures aim to repair the detached retina, reposition the retina, or remove scar tissue. Vitrectomy, scleral buckling, and retinal reattachment surgeries are surgical procedures performed to address advanced stages of ROP.

The timing and type of treatment is recommended by the eye doctor after seeing your child's eyes. Each eye may need a different protocol or combination.


Retinopathy of prematurity demands expert care and attention to preserve a child's vision. With the best eye clinic in Delhi and the best eye doctor in Delhi, like Excel Eye, you can find solace in knowing your child receives top-notch care from Dr Anisha Gupta, a dedicated professional committed to safeguarding their visual health.